Snow School for Mechanics and Technicians

Course Objectives

Provides mechanics with a working knowledge of modern winter maintenance vehicles and accessories with particular emphasis on automated controller and spreader systems, and the hydraulic systems used to support vehicle accessories that apply both wet and dry materials as well as plowing operations. Practical solutions to common equipment problems will be explored, along with preventative maintenance practices and troubleshooting diagnostics.

Course Content

  • Environmental and salt management issues
  • Do new materials mean new mechanical problems?
  • Demystifying electronic spreader controllers
  • Getting ahead of problems: best practices for preventative maintenance
  • Equipment demonstration
  • Hydraulics
  • Troubleshooting

Who Should Attend

Mechanics and technicians responsible for the maintenance and calibration of winter service vehicles for road agencies and winter maintenance contractors


This course is recognized by:

  • The Engineering Institute of Canada awards 7 Professional Development hours to this course.

Fundamentals of Horizontal Directional Drilling

Horizontal directional drilling is one of the most widely used trenchless technology for installing underground pipelines and utilities beneath highways, railways, water crossings, and environmentally sensitive areas. HDD significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions compared with the traditional pipeline construction techniques. Typical HDD applications include the installation of water and sewer pipelines, telecom (fibre-optic), electric transmission/distribution, and gas pipelines.

This course will provide fundamental knowledge and skills to effectively conduct the HDD construction inspector role according to project requirements and the industry’s good practices guidelines, specifications, and standards.

What You Will Learn

This course will teach you the essential steps to complete successful HDD projects. After completing this course, you will be able to:

• Develop an understanding of HDD process, equipment, downhole tools, and drilling fluids

• Carry out feasibility analysis, including surface and geotechnical assessment and subsurface utilities survey requirement

• Verify HDD plans, drawings, and site layouts to evaluate project constructability, and conformance to specifications and standards

• Develop and implement inspection and testing plan to ensure quality standards and adherence to project requirements

• Inspect construction site, identify project risks, and develop risk management and contingency plans

• Understand and implement the HDD industry’s good practices guidelines, standards, and specifications

Course Syllabus

• HDD Industry Overview, History, and Applications

• HDD Process and Equipment

o Drill Rigs

o Downhole Tools

o Tracking Systems

• Drilling Fluids

o Types and Functions of Drilling Fluids

o Volume Calculations

o Drilling Fluid Design and Testing

• HDD Project Planning

o Surface and Geotechnical Considerations

o Subsurface Utility Surveys

o Health and Safety Requirements

o Environmental and Regulatory Considerations

• HDD Bore Path Layout and Constructability Review for Plastic and Steel Pipe

•  HDD Project Inspection and Test Plan

o Risk Management and Contingency Planning

o Construction Monitoring

o Quality Assurance and Quality Control

• Exercises and Case Study

• Quiz

What You Will Get

• Course handouts

• Certificate of completion with 0.7 CEUs and 7 Professional Development Hours

• Breakfast, lunch, and networking/refreshment breaks

Managing Winter Operations Workshop

Be prepared for whatever Mother Nature throws at your municipality this winter season with this one-day intensive workshop.

Managing Operations is designed for winter road maintenance professionals, from managers, supervisors to operators and transportation professionals.

Hear from experts in the field covering a wide variety of winter road maintenance issues from communicating your message, technology, MMS, safety, legal obligations, salt management, hiring and retaining talent to dealing with operator harassment.

This one-day workshop includes an exhibitor hall and networking time to discuss winter road issues with fellow industry experts.

Join like-minded individuals all under one roof discussing best practices and new ideas in protecting yourself, your team, and your municipality during the winter road clearing season.


Introduction to Contract Law Course

Workshop Objectives

You  will gain a thorough grounding in the laws governing municipal construction and rehabilitation projects, and will learn about the most common types of contracts used for municipal projects, and become familiar with the risks, liabilities, and consequences of substandard performance, liens and claims. Participants will also learn about the rights, limitations, and obligations affecting their relationship with contractors and the public and be able to set ethical ground rules for dealing with contractors.

Workshop Content

  • Formation of a contract including offer, acceptance, consideration, capacity and legality
  • Factors affecting the contractual relationship including mistake, misrepresentation, duress, undue influence, conditional contacts, privity of contract and assignment
  • The end of the contractual relationship including performance, breach, discharge by agreement, frustration, remedies for breach of contract
  • The court system including adjudication and alternative dispute resolution
  • The 3 most common types of contracts
  • How to read, interpret and administer the contract
  • Parts of a typical contract
  • Performance bonds, warranties, & letters of credit
  • Liability and insurance
  • The best ways of dealing with substandard performance problems
  • Ethics in the workplace and your relationship with contractors

Who Should Attend

This workshop is recommended for new managers/inspectors and those with 1-5 years of experience administering contracts for municipal construction and rehabilitation projects.


This course is recognized by:

  • This course may be used as credit for technical specialists programs only. Please contact OACETT to make sure that this course satisfies your particular examination program for certification. Point Value = 2
  • The Engineering Institute of Canada awards 7 Professional Development Hours to this workshop.


Through lecture, class discussion, case studies and small group exercises, participants will review examples of case law that illustrate how the courts have applied the principles discussed in this course. Attention will be given to the factual situations of each case, along with the lessons that can be learned from the related judgments. The court process will be introduced and will include the benefits of alternative dispute resolution including negotiation, mediation and arbitration.


Advanced Contract Law Course

Workshop Objectives

Discuss administrative issues pertaining to the performance of a contract and variation of a contract. The goal is to equip you with the skills needed to make sound decisions based upon the express and implied terms set out in the contract. Attention will also be given to ethical issues involving contract administration, risk analysis, being called to court as a witness, and other relevant issues related to contract administration.

Recommendation: You should be familiar with requests for tenders and construction contracts.

Workshop Content

• Review of basic contract law principles and terms

• The tendering process

• Liquidated damages and penalties

• Contract performance and variations

• Ethical considerations and relationships

• Being called as a witness

Who Should Attend

Employees with over 5 years’ experience administering municipal contracts or those who have taken the Introduction to Contract Law workshop.


This workshop is recognized by:

  • This course may be used as credit for technical specialist programs only. Point Value = 5
  • The Engineering Institute of Canada awards 7 Professional Development Hours to this workshop.


Through lectures, class discussion and small group exercises, participants will undertake an in-depth examination of tenders, construction contract issues, and leading case law relating to construction matters. Best practices when preparing a request for tender and considering bids will be thoroughly scrutinized, along with the relationship between the municipality and contractors and the need for accurate and timely documentation of facts.


Municipal Liability: Traffic Collisions

Course Description
The course provides an in-depth understanding of municipalities’ exposure to liability due to their legal obligation to provide safe road facilities to the public, and how to avoid that costly exposure. The course explains the legal principle of “joint and several liability” in Canadian courts, and practical steps that municipalities can take to fulfill their legal obligations through proper design, inspection, maintenance, and documentation of road facilities. Several real-life examples will be discussed to explain how municipalities were found legally liable.

Course Content

  • Liability in designing roadways and Intersections
  • Liability in implementing traffic control devices
  • Liability in designing roadway/intersection lighting
  • Liability in routine road patrol and maintenance
  • Liability in winter patrol and maintenance
  • Liability in planning and designing road facilities dedicated to vulnerable road users
  • The importance of conducting routine traffic safety studies
  • Identifying and documenting design/maintenance flaws
  • Practical methods to address design/maintenance flaws
  • The benefits of using emerging technologies

Who Should Attend?
The primary target audience of this course are transportation professionals and risk managers involved with road design, inspection, and maintenance. Participants do not need to have formal engineering education. Example municipal positions that would be interested in taking the course include:

  • Transportation manager.
  • Transportation planning manager.
  • Transportation operations supervisor.
  • Transportation engineer.
  • Transportation planner.
  • Transportation technician.
  • Transportation technologist.
  • Traffic technician.
  • Road superintendent.
  • Any position involved with traffic/road safety.
  • Any managerial position involved with public works, transportation services, risk management, or design and construction.

Course participants are encouraged to make themselves familiar with the level-of-service standards adopted by their respective municipalities regarding the design, inspection, and maintenance of road facilities. Participants are encouraged to bring a scientific calculator that may be needed to answer the quizzes and the final exam.

What to bring:

  1. Pen and Pencil.
  2. Scientific calculator or a scientific calculator app on your smartphone.
  3. An Internet-connected device (e.g., a smartphone, laptop) for the daily quizzes and to participate in the course polls.
  4. The course polls will be done using Slido. To participate in the polls, you may download the Slido app (from Apple App Store or Google Play Store) or access the polls from any browser.

Evaluation Process
Your grade will be calculated as follows:

Quiz 1 15% Day 1
Quiz 2 15% Day 2
Course Project 40% Due 1 week after course completion
Final Exam 30% Day 3
Total 100%

A final grade of 60% is required to pass the course.

Collaborative Contract Delivery Methods

Alternative/collaborative contract delivery methods are becoming increasingly important because of their flexibility and success in accomplishing quality projects within budget and schedule. Research has shown that collaborative/alternative contract delivery methods resulted in 15-30 percent improvement in cost and schedule performance compared with traditional contracts. As such, alternative contract delivery methods can help to recognize and mitigate the impacts of economic uncertainty and inflation, construction cost escalation, and supply chain disruptions.

This course, delivered by industry experts, provides an overview of various collaborative and innovative contract delivery methods for construction projects. Fundamentals of alternative contract delivery methods, including basic contract structure, advantages and disadvantages, procurement considerations, optimal team structure, organizational challenges and preparedness, and risk management principles, will be presented. Furthermore, best practices for selecting the appropriate contracting method and contracting strategy will be discussed to help avoid disputes and costly claims.

What You Will Learn

This course will teach you the essential elements of various alternative contract delivery methods and possible collaborations. After completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Understand the structure and fundamental principles of collaborative/alternative contract delivery methods
  • Develop an understanding of procurement processes and requirements in collaborative project delivery contexts
  • Understand the benefits and limitations of various types of contract delivery methods
  • Selecting the suitable contract delivery method by aligning organizational goals and project objectives
  • Identify and allocate risks to appropriate parties
  • Acquire knowledge and tools to deliver complex projects on time and budget with acceptable risk and specified quality

Course Content

  • An Overview of Major Causes of Disputes on Construction Projects and Tools to Avoid Costly Claims
  • Implications for Construction Projects Owners in the Light of Supreme Court Ruling Under OHSA (R. v. Greater Sudbury (City))
  • The Challenge and Opportunity: Why Do We Need to Consider Alternative Project Delivery Contracts?
  • An Overview of Core Principles, Challenges, and Best Use Cases for:
    • Design-Bid-Build (DBB)
    • Construction Management at Risk (CMAR)
    • Design-Build (DB) and Progressive Design-Build (PDB)
    • Design-Build-Finance-Operate (DBFO)
    • Integrated Project Delivery Contracts (IPDC)
  • Contract Delivery Method Selection (Project Objectives, Owner’s Goals, Decision Model)
  • Procurement and Contracting Strategy for Successful Collaborative Delivery Projects (Pre-Procurement, Procurement, Contracts)
  • Considerations for Implementing and Managing Collaborative Projects
  • Risk Management (Risk Allocation and Risk Management Best Practices and Recommendations for Risk-Based Budgeting)
  • Characteristics of DBB Contracts (types), Pros and Cons
    • We all know the contract type; is it on the way out?
    • Review of the key clauses that owners need to be aware of.
  • Characteristics of CMAR Contracts (types), Pros and Cons
    • Implications of the Supreme Court ruling under OHSA (R. v. Greater Sudbury (City) on CMAR contracts?
    • How could the contract be affected as a result of the R. v. Greater Sudbury (City) case?
    • Review of the key clauses that owners need to be aware of.
  • Characteristics of DB contracts (types), Pros and Cons
    • Why is the industry reluctant to respond to DB Contracts?
    • Review of the key clauses that owners need to be aware of.
  • Characteristics of PDB contracts (types), Pros and Cons
    • How does a PDB work?
    • How does it differ from a DB contract?
    • Is PDB, the contract of the future?
    • Review of the key clauses that owners need to be aware of.
  • Characteristics of IPD contracts (types), Pros and Cons
    • After completing over 160 projects using the IPD model, is it here to stay?
    • How does an owner’s active participation drive the success of an IPD?
    • How much participation is needed?
    • Review of the key clauses that owners need to know about.

Who Is This Course For?

This course is designed for public and private civil infrastructure owners, engineers, contractors, and administrators who wish to enhance their knowledge about integrated/collaborative delivery contracts and improve current project management and procurement practices to save money and complete projects on time with desirable quality and risk. Participants by job function include:

  • Project and Program Managers, Engineers, and Technologists
  • Contract Managers and Administrators
  • Procurement Managers and Administrators
  • Operational Managers, Engineers, and Technologists
  • Legal, Finance, and Admin Departments Personnel

What You Will Get

  • Course handouts
  • Certificate of attendance with 0.7 CEUs and 7 Professional Development Hours
  • Breakfast, lunch, and networking/refreshment breaks

Municipal Liability: Temporary Work Zones

Course Description

The “Municipal Liability: Temporary Work Zones” course is a one-day workshop that provides up to date comprehensive training on the safety requirements for temporary work zones on municipal roads in Ontario. The curriculum of the course is primarily based on the latest edition (April 2022) of the Ontario Traffic Manual (OTM) Book 7 and the Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA).

Currently, there is no standard system in place for municipalities or contractors to ensure that site personnel and engineers/supervisors receive mandatory training on developing and implementing traffic protection and control plans for temporary work zones. This lack of compliance can compromise the safety of all road users (including motorists, cyclists, and pedestrians) and site personnel and may lead to costly claims in the event of an incident.

The course aims at addressing this gap by equipping participants with the necessary knowledge and skills to develop and implement essential safety plans in temporary work zones. It also emphasizes the importance of proper training and certification for site personnel, which can be used as proof of competency in ensuring the safety of all road users and site personnel.

By completing this course and obtaining the certificate, participants can enhance their knowledge and contribute to safer temporary work zones while ensuring compliance with relevant regulations.

Course Content

  • Introduction to temporary work zones and their associated risks
  • The role of the Ontario Traffic Manual (OTM) Book 7 in ensuring safety at temporary work zones
  • Compliance with the Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA)
  • Developing and implementing Transportation Management Plans, Traffic Control Plans, and Traffic Protection Plans
  • Typical layouts of temporary traffic control at temporary work zones
  • Speed management in temporary work zones
  • Considerations for active road users
  • Visibility considerations at nighttime
  • Temporary traffic control for unplanned events
  • The importance of maintaining records of safety plans and training certificates
  • Case studies illustrating the consequences of inadequate safety measures in temporary work zones

Who Should Attend?

The primary audience for this course includes engineers and technicians/technologists who work or supervise work in temporary work zones. It is relevant for those employed by municipalities or contractors involved in roadway construction and maintenance. The course is also beneficial for engineers involved in designing projects impacting traffic operations or exposing workers to traffic.


Participants are encouraged to bring the following:

  • A copy of the 2022 edition of the Ontario Traffic Manual – Book 7 (download it for free here)
  • An Internet-connected device (tablet, laptop, or smartphone) for participating in course polls, using the Slido app. The polls can be accessed through the Slido app or a browser – no registration required.

Evaluation Process

The course will be assessed through a final online test at the end of the day. The test will consist of 20 multiple-choice questions and participants must achieve a minimum score of 75% to pass. The test duration will be 90 minutes.

Participants will receive a certificate of completion upon passing the course.

Creating Levels of Service & Standard Operating Procedures

Course Description

This course is designed to illustrate the necessity to create and maintain accurate and current records with goals and targets of roadway maintenance standards together with documentation to mitigate municipal risk arising from perceived hazardous road conditions within the municipalities’ road allowances. This course specifically will emphasize the need to produce and retain an appropriate Levels of Service document with a supplementary Standard Operating Procedures document.

Learning objectives / Course goals:

  •  Recognize and Define the influence that Risk Management/Record-Keeping and Asset Management impose on Levels of Service and Standard Operating Procedures
  •  Interpret the role of an effective LOS and SOP within a municipality
  •  Develop a practicable LOS and SOP balancing Risk Analysis, Asset Management and Best Practices
  •  Examine the process required to create a LOS and SOP
  •  Propose and produce a sustainable validated LOS and SOP

Required Texts, Materials, or Equipment

  • Participation in a Good Roads course with some basic knowledge of municipal risk mitigation
  • Participants should attend with an understanding of road maintenance equipment and road classifications/priorities

Major Assignments: Descriptions

 Participants will be required to, by course completion provide the instructor with a brief example (Paper) of a LOS or SOP paper plus completion of the course exam.

Class Participation

Participants will be encouraged in an open forum to discuss their challenges and the positives of working with LOS and SOP documents.

Course Grading  

Explanation of Grading System

  • Exam : 75 % of total grade (Approximately 20 questions)
  • Paper : 25 % of total grade (Practical of creating a LOS or SOP)

An overall grade of 65% is required to pass